KTU researchers has developed a new forensics method for investigation of crime on Internet of Things

KTU researchers has developed a new forensics method for investigation of crime on Internet of Things

Kaunas University of Technology participated in implementation of the project “Lithuanian Cybercrime Centre of Excellence for Training, Research and Education” (L3CE) and has developed a new forensics method for investigation of crime in Internet of Things. L3CE project was funded by the European Commission under the Prevention of and Fighting against Crime Programme for 2007-2013 (ISEC) (Grant Agreement No HOME/2013/ISEC/AG/INT/4000005176).

Although transfer of forensic tools from more advanced foreign partners is the fastest way to provide Law enforcement with the most advanced forensic investigation tools, there is expecting in future to develop forensics tools in Lithuania too. Kaunas University of Technologies has developed on R&D results based forensics method and prototype for investigation of cybercrime in Internet of Things. Based on this method and prototype a new forensics tool may be developed later.

With the spread of the Internet more and more services moving to cyber space. The lot of services and data storages are moved to cloud computing, so far, a number of cybercrime also is growing. If the technologies, methods and means for physical crime forensic were developed and improved during decades, the rapidly changing and spreading technologies require different forensics methods, designed for investigation of cybercrime.

Internet of Things (IoT) is a relatively new phenomenon, creating opportunities for physical objects, which previously was often not linked and did not have the computational power, and people interact remotely over the Internet. In addition there is a threat - because people often unwittingly connects to a computer or smart phone, they may not know how they are connected to the DI environment.

Meanwhile, the cybercrime problems are growing. Trends indicate that the scope to counterfeiting, the number of attacks and types, the number of victims and economic damage are expanded. Two important factors may be distinguished: crime as a service and anonymization:

  • Crime as a service business model promotes the digital black economy, providing a lot of commercial services facilitating any type of cybercrime;
  • Anonymization methods used in some parts of the Internet, allowing users to connect freely, without fear that it will be tracked. It is perfectly legitimate tools that allow citizens to protect their privacy. Nevertheless, these private network features are very interesting for the criminals who abuse such anonymity en masse, illegally marketing drugs via the Internet, illegally distributing and using digital content, disseminating illegal information, anonymous texts (defamatory statements or propaganda), a fake identity cards or material of children sexual abuse.

The new forensics method is intended for one of Lithuania’s relevant cybercrime issues on IoT - illegal distribution and use of digital content as well as dissemination of illegal information and anonymous texts.

R&D made by KTU scientists has received an international recognition. Scientific publications were published in many science editions:

Algimantas Venčkauskas, Jevgenijus Toldinas, Robertas Damaševičius, Vacius Jusas, Nerijus Jusas, Stasys Maciulevičius, Romas Marcinkevičius, Kęstutis Paulikas, Investigation of Artifacts Left by BitTorrent Client on the Local Computer Operating under Windows 8.1. // Information technology and control / ISSN 1392-124X. 2015, T. 44, Nr. 4, p. 451-461.

Venčkauskas, Algimantas,  Damaševičius, Robertas,  Jusas, Vacius,  Toldinas, Jevgenijus,  Rudzika, Darius  Drėgvaitė, Giedrė,  A review of cyber-crime in internet of things: technologies, investigation methods and digital forensics. // International journal of engineering sciences and research technology: IJESRT. ISSN 2277-9655. 2015, vol. 4, issue 10, p. 460-477.,%20INVESTIGATION%20METHODS%20AND%20DIGITAL%20FORENSICS.pdf

Venčkauskas, Algimantas,  Damaševičius, Robertas,  Jusas, Nerijus,  Jusas, Vacius,  Maciulevičius, Stasys,  Marcinkevičius, Romas,  Paulikas, Kęstutis,  Toldinas, Jevgenijus,  Investigation of artefacts left by BitTorrent client in Windows 8 registry. // Information security and computer fraud. Newark, De: Science and Educatrion Publishing. ISSN 2376-9602. 2015, vol. 3, No. 2, p. 25-31.

Venčkauskas, Algimantas, Damaševičius, Robertas,   Marcinkevičius, Romas,  Arnas Karpavičius,  Problems of Authorship Identification of the National Language Electronic Discourse. // Information and software technologies: 21st International Conference, ICIST 2015, Druskininkai, Lithuania, October 15-16, 2015, Proceedings; Cham : Springer, 2015. ISBN 978-3-319-24770-0. p. 415-432.

Toldinas, Jevgenijus, Venčkauskas, Algimantas, Grigaliūnas, Šarūnas, Damaševičius, Robertas,  Jusas, Vacius, Suitability of the digital forensic tools for investigation of cybercrime in the Internet of Things and Services. // Research Conference in Technical Disciplines: 3rd International Research Conference In Technical Disciplines, RCITD 2015, Žilina, Slovakia, October 19-23, 2015, Proceedings, ISBN: 978-80-554-0948-1, ISSN: 1339-5076, vol. 3, issue 1, pp. 86 - 97, 2015.

During L3CE project developed or adapted to Law Enforcement training programmes and software tools for cybercrime forensics will be improved further, R&D results and best practice will be shared with other Cybercrime Centres of Excellence and LEA across EU, therefore supply of means for cybercrime forensics should grow. This activity in Lithuania will be coordinated by Lithuanian Cybercrime Centre of Excellence for Training, Research and Education. 

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